Friday, April 15, 2005
Paging through Carlisle's Annual Reports: 1910 - 1919
As part of the celebration of Carlisle's history during this Bicentennial year, the Mosquito will publish a series of extracts from the town's Annual Reports.
(Year ending February 1, 1911)
• School Superintendent's Report
1900: Population of Carlisle - 523; School census: (ages 5 to 15) - 76
1910: Population of Carlisle - 551. School census - 105.
The subject of tea and coffee drinking, by children of school age, needs attention. The habit is unquestionably a harmful one. In my opinion many cases of dullness and retardation are due largely to this habit.Among Carlisle pupils nearly half drink either tea or coffee one or more times a day
(Year ending February 1, 1912)
• Report of Inspector of Cattle Number of stables inspected - 66; Cattle inspected - 497; Swine inspected - 39; Cattle quarantined - 13
(Year ending February 1, 1913)
• Report of the Tree Warden. I wish to call attention to the Elm leaf beetle, which is sure to ruin the elms unless some way is provided by the Town or property owners to care for it. This work does not come under the Moth work and no part of the funds provided for the Gypsy and Brown Tail Moth work can be used for suppressing the Elm leaf beetle. The method used in this work is, spraying with arsenate of lead at least twice during the season
I would recommend that $125 be raised and appropriated for this purpose. I believe this amount would care for the Elms in all parts of the Town.
• School Superintendent's Report Carlisle offers directly no educational opportunities beyond the grammar school. The state, however, reimburses the town for tuition paid to outside high schools, and pays half the tuition of pupils attending the Lowell Independent Industrial School. Number of pupils attending... Concord High School - 2 boys, 7 girls; Chelmsford High School - 0 boys, 3 girls.
• Report of Overseers of the Poor - You will see by our report that our number at the farm has increased from two to five since the year began; three males and two females now present. We have been to some expense on repair work and have built a new wagon shed and henhouse.
Our Superintendent and matron at the farm are doing excellent work, this being their second year with us
• Report of Fish and Game Warden I have interviewed a great many hunters and have found all with licenses, the first day of the open season on pheasants I interviewed 53 hunters, of those 44 were not residents of Carlisle. The slaughter of game birds has been greater this season than ever before. Something must be done to stop it or there will be no game left in this section. We have a sporting element come to us from the cities and large towns who seem to have no regard for law or order. If the farmers and landowners would post their land against trespassing then co-operate with the Game Warden in enforcing that law, good results would be obtained.
I wish to thank those who in any way have assisted me in my work, and those who have not — think it over.
Respectfully submitted, James S. Anthony, Fish and Game Warden
• Report of Overseers of the Poor During the past year the house at the Farm has been white-washed, plastered where needed, the wood-work and walls painted in inmates' part upstairs and down, 2 kitchens painted and papered, 1 chimney repaired and new window shades added at a cost of $74.40
The crops were completely ruined by the hailstorm in August
The Tramp House is beyond repair, and would recommend it be torn down.
• Report of the Forest Warden The Town has put the Forest Wardens Department in as good condition for fighting forest fires as any town in the state. On December 6th the state Fire Warden, Mr. M. C. Hutchins, visited the town and looked over our equipment. He spoke in a very complimentary way of our auto truck and the way our extinguishers have been distributed around the town
In connection with this report, I wish to call attention to the organization of the Carlisle Volunteer Fire Company, organized July 21, 1916. Its purpose being for better protection of life and property from fire. At present, they have 24 members. Some of our best citizens are connected with this organization. I am fully convinced that it will not only be of great service but it will be a credit to the Town. [The Reports do not say how long this volunteer group lasted. In 1926 the town voted to establish a Fire Department.]
Assessors Report for 1916
horses - 155
cows - 368
other cattle - 71
swine - 25
fowls - 7,036
dwellings - 140
Deaths Registered in 1917
Age, years Cause of Death
48 Pulmonary Tuberculosis
69 Cerebral Hemorrhage with resulting paralysis
17 Shock and Hemorrhage following gunshot wound, accidental
75 Arterio Sclerosis, Mitral Heart Disease
71 Pulmonary Tuberculosis
69 Cerebral Hemorrhage
5 (days) Cerebral Hemorrhage of the New Born
• School Superintendent Report In two schools only in my district is there no Victrola. One of those schools is Carlisle. A few years ago when the instrument began to be introduced for educational purposes it was thought in some quarters that schools would be demoralized and all but ruined by their presence. Experience has shown the fallacy of that notion. Pupils march in and out of the school to the best band music in the world; they hear the most famous singers; they are privileged to listen to the highest paid players of the violin, cornet, and other instruments
The war has laid its hands upon the schools and added to the responsibilities of the teachers. Pupils have been, and are to be, urged to do their bit in gardening and in the conservation of food; the meaning of Liberty Bonds has been explained to them and they have been asked to explain to their parents in the hope that their parents would see the advantage as well as the patriotism involved in the purchase of these bonds; the Y.M.C.A. movement was explained; the Red Cross drive was advertised; and the superintendent has been authorized and urged to sell Thrift Stamps to the pupils throughout the district.
The teaching of Citizenship is now required in the schools. No satisfactory course has been devised. It is not to be found in books alone. The basis of Citizenship is in the old-fashioned virtues...and its expression is in doing efficiently and therefore knowing thoroughly the necessary business of the community
• Graduation of Highland Grammar School June 14, 1918 Program
Class Motto: "Impossible is Un-American." Class Colors: Red, White and Blue.
• Report of the Superintendent
A difficult problem in a small community is that of the mentally deficient child. Such a child attends the public school, we will say. He is in the same grade year after year, or advanced only to keep him with the children of his own age. He is not bad, but he is not learning anything. He may be excluded from the school, but no one wants to take the responsibility of doing that, inasmuch as it might be worse for him to be on the streets than in school. Such a child might, with the consent of the parents, be placed where he may be given an opportunity to get the kind of training that may make a useful man of him. There is no disgrace in sending a child to a school fitted to develop the best there is in him, and the public school cannot do this for the mentally deficient child — that is, our public school in Carlisle cannotIf such a case exists in Carlisle I hope this plea of mine may find its way into that home.
• Report of Fish and Game Warden There has been less hunting the past year than usual. This is largely because of the war, many of our sportsmen having been abroad hunting other game.
It is a fact that our game birds are fast decreasing. The partridge, which used to be so abundant, are getting scarcer each year. Quail are very rare. The pheasants, which five years ago were so plentiful, that they were almost a nuisance, are now gone. There is a bill before the legislature providing for a closed season on game birds; all sportsmen should use their influence to have it enacted a law.
Rabbits which used to be so numerous in all sections are fast disappearing and rabbit pie is now a luxury.
Deaths Registered in 1919
Age,years Cause of Death
19 Epidemic Influenza
69 Chronic Valvular Heart
Total - 10 deaths
• Appraisal of Property at Town Farm. 2 horses, 6 cows, 3 heifers, 2 yearlings, 70 hens, 22 tons English hay, 2 tons oat hay, 8 tons meadow hay, 8 tons ensilage, 1 corn planter, 1 weeder, 1 mowing machine, 1 horse rake, 1 wheel barrow, 1 spring tooth harrow, 1 two horse wood wagon, 1 farm wagon, 1 express wagon, 1 Democrat wagon1 milk cooler, 2 milk pails, 6 hay forks1 two-horse sled, 1 one-horse sled5 plows, 20 barrels, 65 bushels potatoes, 3 barrels Baldwin apples, 2 barrels russet apples, 1 barrel sweet apples Total valued at $3560.
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